Browsing by Author "Boulemtafes, Amine"
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- ItemDeep learning in pervasive health monitoring, design goals, applications, and architectures: An overview and a brief synthesis(Elsevier, 2021-11) Boulemtafes, Amine; Khemissa, Hamza; Derki, Mohamed Saddek; Amira, Abdelouahab; Djedjig, NabilThe continuous growth of an aging population in some countries, and patients with chronic conditions needs the development of efficient solutions for healthcare. Pervasive Health Monitoring (PHM) is an important pervasive computing application that has the potential to provide patients with a high-quality medical service and enable quick-response alerting of critical conditions. To that end, PHM enables continuous and ubiquitous monitoring of patients' health and wellbeing using Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, such as wearables and ambient sensors. In recent years, deep learning (DL) has attracted a growing interest from the research community to improve PHM applications. In this paper, we discuss the state-of-the-art of DL-based PHM, through identifying, (1) the main PHM applications where DL is successful, (2) design goals and objectives of using DL in PHM, and (3) design notes including DL architectures and data preprocessing. Finally, main advantages, limitations and challenges of the adoption of DL in PHM are discussed.
- ItemDesign Framework for Mobility Support in Wearable Health Monitoring Systems(CERIST, 2015-09-29) Boulemtafes, Amine; Rachedi, Abderrezak; Badache, NadjibThe aim of this work is to investigate main techniques and technologies enabling user’s mobility in wearable health monitoring systems. For this, design requirements for key enabling mechanisms are pointed out, and a number of conceptual recommendations are presented. The whole is schematized and presented into the form of a design framework taking in consideration patient context constraints. This work aspires to bring a further contribution for the conception and possibly the evaluation of health monitoring systems with full support of mobility offering freedom to users while enhancing their life quality
- ItemDesign of Wearable Health Monitoring Systems: An Overview of Techniques and Technologies&(Springer International Publishing, 2016) Boulemtafes, Amine; Badache, NadjibBecause of the increasing costs of healthcare, wearable health monitoring systems (WHMS) are catching a lot of attention of the research community. Such systems are more and more propelled by advances in technology such as miniaturization, sensing devices and wireless communications. This study aims to review and synthesis the main implementation techniques and technologies used to design WHM Systems on the basis of the typical WBAN three-tiers architecture where the Body Area Network (BAN) represents the key infrastructure of such systems.
- ItemInvestigating Security and Privacy Concerns in Deep-Learning-based Pervasive Health Monitoring Architectures(IEEE, 2023-11) Boulemtafes, Amine; Amira, Abdelouahab; Derki, Mohamed Saddek; Hadjar, SamirPervasive Health Monitoring (PHM) uses sensors and wearable devices and data analytics for real-time health monitoring. It enables early detection and personalized care interventions. This technology has the potential to revolutionize healthcare by improving proactive and preventive care.Besides, Deep learning (DL) based PHM is even more promising as it improves the discovery of complex patterns and correlations. This leads to precise health monitoring and personalized care, enhances diagnostics, and ultimately improves patient outcomes in the field of healthcare.However, privacy and security considerations must be addressed for successful implementation. This paper investigates the security and privacy concerns in Pervasive Health Monitoring architectures. It discusses through an illustrative DL-based PHM architecture the potential threats and attacks during the inference and training phases, and identifies key security and privacy issues. It also gives insights on countermeasures and technological solutions that can address security and privacy concerns in PHM architectures.
- ItemPReDIHERO – Privacy-Preserving Remote Deep Learning Inference based on Homomorphic Encryption and Reversible Obfuscation for Enhanced Client-side Overhead in Pervasive Health Monitoring(IEEE, 2021) Boulemtafes, Amine; Derhab, Abdelouahid; Ait Ali Braham, Nassim; Challal, YacineHomomorphic Encryption is one of the most promising techniques to deal with privacy concerns, which is raised by remote deep learning paradigm, and maintain high classification accuracy. However, homomorphic encryption-based solutions are characterized by high overhead in terms of both computation and communication, which limits their adoption in pervasive health monitoring applications with constrained client-side devices. In this paper, we propose PReDIHERO, an improved privacy-preserving solution for remote deep learning inferences based on homomorphic encryption. The proposed solution applies a reversible obfuscation technique that successfully protects sensitive information, and enhances the client-side overhead compared to the conventional homomorphic encryption approach. The solution tackles three main heavyweight client-side tasks, namely, encryption and transmission of private data, refreshing encrypted data, and outsourcing computation of activation functions. The efficiency of the client-side is evaluated on a healthcare dataset and compared to a conventional homomorphic encryption approach. The evaluation results show that PReDIHERO requires increasingly less time and storage in comparison to conventional solutions when inferences are requested. At two hundreds inferences, the improvement ratio could reach more than 30 times in terms of computation overhead, and more than 8 times in terms of communication overhead. The same behavior is observed in sequential data and batch inferences, as we record an improvement ratio of more than 100 times in terms of computation overhead, and more than 20 times in terms of communication overhead.
- ItemPrivacy-preserving deep learning for pervasive health monitoring: a study of environment requirements and existing solutions adequacy(Elsevier, 2022-03) Boulemtafes, Amine; Derhab, Abdelouahid; Challal , YacineIn recent years, deep learning in healthcare applications has attracted considerable attention from research community. They are deployed on powerful cloud infrastructures to process big health data. However, privacy issue arises when sensitive data are offloaded to the remote cloud. In this paper, we focus on pervasive health monitoring applications that allow anywhere and anytime monitoring of patients, such as heart diseases diagnosis, sleep apnea detection, and more recently, early detection of Covid-19. As pervasive health monitoring applications generally operate on constrained client-side environment, it is important to take into consideration these constraints when designing privacy-preserving solutions. This paper aims therefore to review the adequacy of existing privacy-preserving solutions for deep learning in pervasive health monitoring environment. To this end, we identify the privacy-preserving learning scenarios and their corresponding tasks and requirements. Furthermore, we define the evaluation criteria of the reviewed solutions, we discuss them, and highlight open issues for future research.
- ItemPrivacy-preserving remote deep-learning-based inference under constrained client-side environment(Springer, 2023) Boulemtafes, Amine; Derhab, Abdelouahid; Ait Ali Braham, Nassim; Challal , YacineRemote deep learning paradigm raises important privacy concerns related to clients sensitive data and deep learning models. However, dealing with such concerns may come at the expense of more client-side overhead, which does not fit applications relying on constrained environments. In this paper, we propose a privacy-preserving solution for deep-learning-based inference, which ensures effectiveness and privacy, while meeting efficiency requirements of constrained client-side environments. The solution adopts the non-colluding two-server architecture, which prevents accuracy loss as it avoids using approximation of activation functions, and copes with constrained client-side due to low overhead cost. The solution also ensures privacy by leveraging two reversible perturbation techniques in combination with paillier homomorphic encryption scheme. Client-side overhead evaluation compared to the conventional homomorphic encryption approach, achieves up to more than two thousands times improvement in terms of execution time, and up to more than thirty times improvement in terms of the transmitted data size.
- ItemPRIviLY: Private Remote Inference over fulLY connected deep networks for pervasive health monitoring with constrained client-side(Elsevier, 2023-09) Boulemtafes, Amine; Derhab , Abdelouahid; Challal, YacineRemote deep learning paradigm enables to better leverage the power of deep neural networks in pervasive health monitoring (PHM) applications, especially by addressing the constrained client-side environment. However, remote deep learning in the context of PHM requires to ensure three properties: (1) meet the high accuracy requirement of the healthcare domain, (2) satisfy the client-side constraints, and (3) cope with the privacy requirements related to the high sensitivity of health data. Different privacy-preserving solutions for remote deep learning exit in the literature but many of them fail to fully address the PHM requirements especially with respect to constrained client-side environments. To that end, we propose PRIviLY, a novel privacy-preserving remote inference solution, designed specifically for the popular Fully Connected Deep Networks (FCDNs). PRIviLY avoids the use of encryption for privacy preservation of sensitive information, in order to fully prevent accuracy loss, and to alleviate the server-side hardware requirements. Besides, PRIviLY adopts a non-colluding two-server architecture, and leverages the linear computations of FCDNs along with reversible random perturbation and permutation techniques in order to preserve privacy of sensitive information, while meeting low overhead requirement of constrained client-sides. At the cloud server, efficiency evaluation shows that PRIviLY achieves an improvement ratio of 4 to more than 15 times for communication, and a minimum improvement ratio of 135 times for computation overhead. At the intermediate server, the minimum improvement ratio is at least more than 10,900 for computation, while for communication, the improvement ratio varies from 5 to more than 21 times. As for the client-side, PRIviLY incurs an additional overhead of about 27% in terms of communication, and between 16% and at most 27% in terms of computation.
- ItemWearable Health Monitoring Systems: An Overview of Design Research Areas(Springer International Publishing, 2016) Boulemtafes, Amine; Badache, Nadjib
- ItemWearable Health Monitoring Systems: An Overview of Design Research Areas(Springer International Publishing, 2016) Boulemtafes, Amine; Badache, NadjibIn order to be effective and helping towards improving quality of living of people, design and development of wearable health monitoring systems needs to satisfy a number of medical and non-medical criteria’s while taking in consideration resource limitations and fulfilling ergonomic constraints. This study with the aim to serve as a quick reference for future works, attempts to cover main research areas including requirements, challenges and tradeoffs related to the design of such systems.