Representing the Suffix Tree with the CDAWG

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Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik
Given a string T, it is known that its suffix tree can be represented using the compact directed acyclic word graph (CDAWG) with e_T arcs, taking overall O(e_T+e_REV(T)) words of space, where REV(T) is the reverse of T, and supporting some key operations in time between O(1) and O(log(log(n))) in the worst case. This representation is especially appealing for highly repetitive strings, like collections of similar genomes or of version-controlled documents, in which e_T grows sublinearly in the length of T in practice. In this paper we augment such representation, supporting a number of additional queries in worst-case time between O(1) and O(log(n)) in the RAM model, without increasing space complexity asymptotically. Our technique, based on a heavy path decomposition of the suffix tree, enables also a representation of the suffix array, of the inverse suffix array, and of T itself, that takes O(e_T) words of space, and that supports random access in O(log(n)) time. Furthermore, we establish a connection between the reversed CDAWG of T and a context-free grammar that produces T and only T, which might have independent interest.
CDAWG, suffix tree, heavy path decomposition, maximal repeat, context- free grammar